Relative Dating Principles 1: Lower strata are older than those lying on top of them. Principle of Superposition: In an otherwise undisturbed sequence of sedimentary strata, or rock layers, the layers on the bottom are the oldest and layers above them are younger.
What are the basics of geology?
The science of geology is generally divided into three subdisciplines: physical (the study of Earth materials and processes), historical (the study of the origin and development of the Earth), and environmental (the interrelationship of humans and the Earth).
What are the laws of relative dating?
Relative age means age in comparison with other rocks, either younger or older. New rock layers are always deposited on top of existing rock layers. Therefore, deeper layers must be older than layers closer to the surface. This is the law of superposition.